Kind reader, designing a helicopter hangar can be a challenging task that requires careful planning and attention to detail. Helicopter hangar design involves considerations such as the size of the hangar, the type of helicopter to be stored, and the maneuvering space required for the helicopter. It also involves the selection of materials for construction and the placement of doors, windows, and lighting. A well-designed helicopter hangar ensures the safe storage and maintenance of the helicopter, as well as providing a functional workspace for mechanics and pilots.
The Importance of Helicopter Hangar Design
Helicopter hangar design is critical in ensuring that the aircraft is properly protected, maintained, and ready for flight at all times. A well-designed hangar helps extend the lifespan of the helicopter and improves its overall performance. Additionally, helicopter hangar design also plays a vital role in the safety of personnel and equipment, ensuring that they are safeguarded from environmental hazards and security threats.
Factors to Consider in Helicopter Hangar Design
When designing a helicopter hangar, several factors must be taken into account, including:
- Size and Space: Hangar size is a crucial consideration, as it should be large enough to accommodate the helicopter, additional equipment, and personnel. Sufficient space must be provided between the aircraft and hangar walls to allow for maintenance, repairs, and access.
- Location: The location of the hangar must be selected based on accessibility, terrain, weather patterns, and environmental hazards.
- Security: Hangar security is essential to protect the helicopter and equipment from theft, damage, or vandalism. Security systems such as cameras, alarms, and access control should be implemented.
Design Considerations for Maximum Helicopter Protection
Helicopter hangar design must also take into account its purpose: to protect the aircraft. Key design considerations for maximum helicopter protection are:
- Climate Control: Helicopter hangars must be climate-controlled to protect the aircraft from extreme temperatures, humidity, and moisture.
- Fire Protection: Hangars should be equipped with fire suppression systems to prevent fires from spreading and damaging the helicopter.
- Lighting: Adequate lighting is necessary for pilots and personnel to operate safely and efficiently in the hangar.
A helicopter hangar’s location is an essential element to ensure smooth and efficient operations. The heliport location must be accessible, safe for takeoff and landing, and fit for the helicopter’s size and rotors’ diameter. According to the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), heliport location must consider environmental regulations and zoning laws. As such, helicopter owners must work with architects and designers who have experience in heliport design.
The heliport location must be near the primary area of operation or the base. The site selection process must take into consideration the surrounding building and environment. For instance, the Noise Compatibility Study must identify existing noise levels, and the proposed heliport will create noise exposure and mitigation measures to reduce the noise level. The heliport’s location must also have enough space for parking and fueling, an evacuation area, and firefighting facilities.
Heliport Design Requirements
The heliport’s design must meet FAA’s heliport design standards and regulations. A heliport designer must consider safety criteria such as approach and takeoff procedures, environmental conditions, emergency procedures, heliport perimeter, and communication system requirements. In addition, the heliport must have a continuous FATO (Final Approach and Takeoff) area, with safety nets around the perimeter of the FATO to prevent rotor or debris hazards to people and structures.
Helicopter Hangar Door Types
The helicopter hangar door type must fit the helicopter’s size and configuration, the local weather conditions, and the owners’ preferences. There are several helicopter hangar door types that customers can choose from:
Bi-folding doors consist of two pairs of hinged panels located at the top of the door frame. These doors can be manually operated or motorized to open and close quickly and quietly. Bi-folding doors are suitable for small helicopters as they have a maximum height clearance of 14 feet.
Bottom Rolling Doors
Bottom rolling doors are the most common door type for helicopter hangars. These doors slide on tracks at the bottom of the door frame, with motors providing an easy open and close feature. The door panels can be insulated to reduce energy costs. Bottom rolling doors are suitable for large helicopters because of their high clearance heights.
Hydraulic doors work like a bottom rolling door but use hydraulic cylinders to operate. They have a higher clearance height than bi-folding doors, up to 24 feet, and do not require side clearance for the motor block, allowing for more interior space.
|Maximum Height Clearance
|Up to 40 feet
|Up to 24 feet
|The size of the helicopter hangar should be at least 1.5 times the overall length of the largest helicopter that will be stored
|The hangar should be designed with proper ventilation to prevent corrosion of the helicopter’s components
|Lighting in the hangar should be carefully planned, with a minimum brightness level of 50 lux to ensure safe and efficient maintenance operations
|A clean area should be designated within the hangar for maintenance and repair activities
|Hangar doors need to be large enough to accommodate the largest helicopter, and designed to provide easy access for maintenance and safety needs
|Hangars must meet appropriate airfield safety regulations, including fire suppression, electrical safety, and emergency access
Design Considerations for Helicopter Hangars
Developing a functional and efficient helicopter hangar design requires a comprehensive understanding of the operational and storage needs of helicopters. Here are some crucial factors that need to be considered in the design of an effective helicopter hangar:
Hangar Size and Shape
The size and shape of a helicopter hangar should be tailored to aircraft size and take into account any potential expansion the facility may require in the future. The hangarâ€™s size and shape should also consider helicopter maintenance, sufficient storage capacity, and space for loading and unloading of aircraft. A taller roof is necessary to accommodate the vertical rotor blades of a helicopter than a fixed-wing aircraft hangar.
The hangar door should be designed to accommodate the largest helicopter stored in the hangar with additional width and height provided if required for future expansion. The available space and height requirements inside and outside the hangar must also be taken into account while selecting the design of the hangar door. Some of the standard hangar doors available are the sliding door, bi-fold door, and hydraulic lift door, each with its unique features and specifications.
Climate Control Systems
Helicopters, like any other aircraft, need to be protected from harsh weather elements to ensure optimal performance and longevity. The designs and specifications for climate control systems are influenced by the geographical location of the hangar. Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems can be utilized to regulate humidity, temperature, and air quality in the hangar. HVAC systems help to avoid damage aircraft or critical equipment within the hangar resulting from corrosion and rust.
Considerations for Site Selection
Site selection is an essential aspect of helicopter hangar design, as the location can significantly affect the hangar’s efficacy and functionality. When selecting a site, many factors need to be considered, including proximity to other facilities, available space, terrain, weather restrictions, and zoning regulations.
Proximity to Other Facilities
The location of the hangar must be within the vicinity of other facilities necessary for operational purposes. These may include fuel and maintenance areas, flight operations support offices, and cargo loading areas.
The space required for a helicopter hangar depends on the number of helicopters to be stationed and the type of helicopter. The hangar’s size should accommodate all rotary-winged aircraft and ensure enough space to move equipment and personnel around the helicopter.
The location and terrain of the hangar site must allow for proper drainage and provide a stable surface for parking and maneuvering. Terrain variation may impact the layout of the hangar, including the placement of utilities such as water, electricity, and gas lines.
Climate and weather patterns in the hangar’s location must be taken into account when designing the structure. Heavy snow or wind loads or high temperatures may affect the structural strength of the hangar and could require additional reinforcements.
Zoning regulations and land-use restrictions vary by jurisdiction and must be considered when selecting the hangar site. For example, local rules may dictate how high the hangar can be built or the types of materials that can be used for construction.
Helicopters are high-value assets that require adequate security measures to guard against theft or tampering. The selection of the hangar site should include a comprehensive security plan that addresses access, surveillance, and intrusion detection.
Site selection is an essential aspect of helicopter hangar design, as the location can significantly affect the hangar’s efficacy and functionality.
|Proximity to Other Facilities
|The location of the hangar must be within the vicinity of other facilities necessary for operational purposes.
|The space required for a helicopter hangar depends on the number of helicopters to be stationed and the type of helicopter.
|The location and terrain of the hangar site must allow for proper drainage and provide a stable surface for parking and maneuvering.
|Climate and weather patterns in the hangar’s location must be taken into account when designing the structure.
|Zoning regulations and land-use restrictions vary by jurisdiction and must be considered when selecting the hangar site.
|Helicopters are high-value assets that require adequate security measures to guard against theft or tampering.
The flooring design of the helicopter hangar should be given significant consideration. It should be robust enough to support heavy helicopters and resistant enough to withstand damage from spilled chemicals, fuels, and other fluids. Additionally, it should be slip-proof to avoid accidents caused by loose materials on the surface. The floors are typically made of concrete because it is the most stable and durable material.
Nonetheless, there are a range of flooring options accessible in the market, each with its own set of benefits and drawbacks. Steel flooring, for example, is a cost-effective option that may be installed quickly and efficiently over existing concrete. However, it is not as strong and long-lasting as concrete and cannot withstand corrosion and leaks as well.
Epoxy flooring is another possible option that has proven to be a highly recommended, long-lasting flooring option for helicopter hangars. This floor covering increases longevity and provides a seamless, hygienic surface that prevents spills and leaks from spreading. Epoxy has a matte or gloss finish, is resistant to impact, chemicals, and abrasions, and is also easy to maintain. While it may be more expensive, it pays off in terms of security, long-term performance, and functionality.
Types of Flooring
|Type of Flooring
|Most stable and durable, resists spills, and slip-resistant.
|Easy installation, cost-effective.
|Long-lasting, Impact resistance, Chemical resistance, Abrasion resistance.
Helicopter Hangar Flooring
When it comes to helicopter hangar design, flooring is an essential aspect that should not be overlooked. The flooring for a helicopter hangar should be durable, strong, and able to withstand heavy loads of the helicopter. The flooring should also be resistant to fuel, oil, and other liquids, that may leak from a helicopter, to avoid any hazards.
Types of Flooring
One of the most commonly used types of flooring for helicopter hangars is the epoxy coating. This type of flooring is cost-effective, durable, and resistant to abrasion, chemical, and heat. It’s also easy to clean and maintain. Another type of flooring that is commonly used is the concrete flooring. This type of flooring is long-lasting and can also withstand heavy loads. However, unlike the epoxy coating, the concrete flooring is not resistant to chemicals and may require sealing to make it impervious to fuel and oil spills.
To ensure longevity and prevent damage to the landing surface, the flooring should be maintained regularly. Maintenance includes regular cleaning to remove dust, dirt, and debris that can cause abrasions. Any fuel or oil spills should also be cleaned up immediately to avoid hazardous situations. Regular inspection should also be conducted to check for cracks, wear, and tear. It’s crucial to fix any issues with the flooring as soon as possible to avoid costly repairs in the long run.
Helicopter Hangar Lighting
Lighting is another critical aspect of helicopter hangar design. Proper lighting can aid in life-saving operations during emergency situations. The amount of lighting required for a helicopter hangar depends on the size and nature of the operations conducted in the hangar.
Types of Lighting
The most commonly used types of lighting for helicopter hangars are LED and fluorescent lights. LED lights are energy-efficient, long-lasting, and produce bright light. The LED lights are also cost-effective, as they require less maintenance. Fluorescent lights, on the other hand, are also bright and ideal for large hangars. Fluorescent lights do consume more energy than LED lights but are still energy-efficient as compared to the traditional incandescent bulb lights.
The placement of lighting is also essential in helicopter hangar design. The lighting should be strategically placed, and the brightness and direction of the lights should not cause glare, as the glare can affect the pilots’ vision. The lighting system should also be designed to avoid shadows or dark areas that can cause hazards. Lighting systems are also available with emergency backup options, which ensure that lighting is operative even during a power outage.
Aesthetic considerations for helicopter hangar design
In designing a helicopter hangar, aesthetics is an important consideration. A well-designed hangar not only serves its functional purpose but also enhances the overall look of the facility. Various design elements need to be considered, including the overall architecture, color selection, and landscaping.
The architecture of the hangar should complement the surrounding environment, community, and the facility’s purpose. The structure of the building can be designed with different types of roofing systems, such as a gable roof, shed roof, or curved roof. The exterior finishes may be made of different materials such as metal panels, brick, stucco, glass, or wood and should match the facility’s other structures.
The color selection for the hangar’s exterior and interior should complement each other. Neutral colors such as white, gray, or beige are commonly used for the hangar’s exterior, while the interior may feature bolder and brighter colors. The color selection should also coordinate with the colors of the facility’s branding.
Helicopter Hangar Design FAQ
Answers to frequently asked questions about helicopter hangar design in relaxed English language
1. What are the factors to consider when designing a helicopter hangar?
The size and type of the helicopter to be stored, the location and weather conditions of the hangar site, and the available budget are all important factors to consider when designing a helicopter hangar.
2. What is the best location to build a helicopter hangar?
The ideal location for building a helicopter hangar is in a flat area with sufficient space for navigation and maneuvering without obstructions or hazards.
3. What are the different types of helicopter hangars?
The common types of helicopter hangars are open-air hangars, partially enclosed hangars, and fully enclosed hangars with different materials and features.
4. What is the best material to use for a helicopter hangar?
The best material to use for a helicopter hangar is a corrosion-resistant metal or composite material that can withstand harsh weather conditions and provide adequate protection for the helicopter.
5. How should the layout of a helicopter hangar be designed?
The layout of a helicopter hangar should be designed to optimize access and visibility for maintenance personnel, provide ample space for storage and movement of equipment, and ensure proper ventilation and lighting.
6. What are the minimum clearances required for a helicopter hangar?
The minimum clearances required for a helicopter hangar vary depending on the type and size of the helicopter but typically range from 2 to 4 feet around the perimeter of the helicopter and 5 to 10 feet above the helicopter.
7. Why is proper ventilation important in a helicopter hangar?
Proper ventilation is important in a helicopter hangar to prevent the buildup of fuel vapors and exhaust fumes that can pose a fire hazard or health risk.
8. What lighting is necessary for a helicopter hangar?
A helicopter hangar should have sufficient lighting to provide visibility for maintenance personnel and pilots but without creating excessive glare or shadows that could impair visibility or create safety hazards.
9. What are the safety features that should be incorporated in a helicopter hangar design?
Safety features that should be incorporated in a helicopter hangar design include fire suppression systems, emergency lighting, first aid kits, and clearly marked exits and evacuation routes.
10. What is the cost of building a helicopter hangar?
The cost of building a helicopter hangar depends on various factors such as the site location, type of hangar, size of the helicopter, and desired features but typically ranges from $50,000 to $500,000.
11. How long does it take to design and build a helicopter hangar?
The duration of designing and building a helicopter hangar varies depending on the complexity of the project, the availability of materials and labor, and the weather conditions but typically ranges from 6 months to 2 years.
12. What are the regulations or permits required for building a helicopter hangar?
The regulations or permits required for building a helicopter hangar depend on the local or state laws and may include zoning restrictions, building codes, and environmental permits.
13. How can I ensure that my helicopter hangar design meets the necessary standards and requirements?
You can ensure that your helicopter hangar design meets the necessary standards and requirements by consulting with experienced architects, engineers, and aviation specialists, and obtaining the necessary approvals and certifications from the relevant authorities.
14. Can I modify an existing building to serve as a helicopter hangar?
Yes, you can modify an existing building to serve as a helicopter hangar but it should be structurally sound, have sufficient clearance and access, and comply with the applicable regulations and standards.
15. Where can I find more resources and information about helicopter hangar design?
You can find more resources and information about helicopter hangar design from aviation associations, architecture and engineering firms, and online forums and publications.
If you want to build a helicopter hangar, it is important to get the design right. Consider factors like dimensions, materials, and layout. You can learn more about helicopter hangar design from this informative article.
Until next time, Kind Reader
We hope you enjoyed learning about helicopter hangar design and all the important elements that go into creating a safe and efficient space for these powerful machines. Remember to check back in with us regularly for more informative articles on various topics. Thanks for reading and we’ll see you soon!